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Fixing Wordpress URLs When Using Rack

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Tip to fix WordPress URLs

In my last article I detailed how to run PHP through a Rack server. This works fairly well until you try to sign into the Wordpress admin section.

The problem is that Wordpress stores site URLs in the database and it will use these for some redirections. Luckily, with a few Rake tasks you can painlessly override them.

I borrowed some conventions from Rails and created a config/database.yml file. This is your run of the mill database connection file, nothing special here.

From there I created a Rakefile in the root of the project titled rakefile.rb.

I've been spoiled by Rails' database Rake tasks so I decided to build my own using ActiveRecord.

Here are the Rake task components that setup the ActiveRecord connections:

require 'yaml'
require 'logger'
require 'active_record'

namespace :db do
    def create_database(config)
        options = { :charset => 'utf8', :collation => 'utf8_unicode_ci'}

        create_db = lambda do |config|
            ActiveRecord::Base.establish_connection config.merge('database' => nil)
            ActiveRecord::Base.connection.create_database config['database'], options
            ActiveRecord::Base.establish_connection config

        rescue ActiveRecord::StatementInvalid => exception
            puts "There was an error creating the database. The error is: #{exception.message}" and return

        puts "Database #{@config['database']} was created."

    task :environment do
        DATABASE_ENV = ENV['DATABASE_ENV'] || 'development'

    task :configure_connection => :configuration do
        ActiveRecord::Base.establish_connection @config
        ActiveRecord::Base.logger = STDOUT if @config['logger']

Now that we have that out of the way, we can create our database create and drop table tasks. I put these in the db namespace.

desc 'Create the database from config/database.yml'
task :create => :configure_connection do
    create_database @config

desc 'Drops the database'
task :drop => :configure_connection do
        ActiveRecord::Base.connection.drop_database @config['database']
    rescue MySql2::Error => exception
        puts "There was an error dropping the database. The error is: #{exception.message}"
        puts "Database #{@config['database']} was dropped."

Now we can create and drop our database with the familiar commands of rake db:create and rake db:drop.

There is only one more thing to do and that's fix the Wordpress site URL references. I added the following task to the db namespace:

desc "Set Wordpress URL's to localhost"
task :fix_wordpress_urls => :configure_connection do
            "UPDATE wp_options SET option_value = 'http://localhost' WHERE option_name IN ('siteurl', 'home');"
    rescue ActiveRecord::StatementInvalid => exception
        puts "There was an error fixing the Wordpress URLs. The error is: #{exception.message}"
        puts "Wordpress URLs have been fixed."

With that final task we can now run this command:

rake db:fix_wordpress_urls

Now our Wordpress instance is ready to be run through Rack.

Final Thoughts

This is how I thought to manage this particular PHP/Wordpress hurdle in a Rails dominated environment. Hopefully some of you can apply this, and let us know if you have any other clever solutions.

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